Wheat field in summer, blue skies, the harvest


What could be more beautiful than a field of ripening wheat on a glorious summers day, blue skies and a combine harvester that runs on clean electricity. Could that ever happen with our crusty farmers in love with diesel. Happen or not, it should be an EU directive that harvesting is subject to emission controls. A freshly baked loaf of bread would then taste all the better.





Most employees in agriculture are paid a salary 59% of farming workers and 84% in related business rather than an hourly rate.

Overall the average annual salary for people who work on farms is 25,578 close to the national UK figure of 26,500. More than 30% earned between 20,000 and 30,000, but more than one in 10 (13%) reported they earned less than 10,000, which suggests they were either part-time or working as family labour.

By comparison earnings in allied businesses were higher. Just 1% of workers in related businesses earned less than 10,000, with an average salary of 34,158. The difference between male and female earnings, for both ARBs and practical farming, was stark at almost 8,000, with males at 31,768 and females 24,020.

Broken down further, the figures reveal that relatives of farm owners are not drawing full salaries. The average recorded wage for these people was just 12,616. The highest wages were for farm managers, who earned roughly 10,000 more than the average wage of 25,565.

The biggest earners in related businesses were technical managers at 40,111 above the average of 34,158.

Hourly rates

The UK average hourly rate for all types of industry is 12.76. But for farming workers the overall is just two-thirds of this amount at 8.74/hour, while related businesses earn a better rate than the UK average at 14.33/hour.

In contrast to those paid salaries, female workers earned more (11.14/hour) than their male counterparts at 9.90/hour. Workers in related businesses earned on average 40% more than those who were farming, with an hourly rate of 14.33.

Sectors and regions vary

Salaries and hourly rates of pay showed marked variations across the UK. In Scotland, the north of England and the West Country the earnings in practical farming were between 21,319 and 24,146 all below the national average.

But in the South East, East Anglia and the Midlands wages varied between 26,083 and 29,474. For allied industry workers salary also varied across the regions, but the pattern of areas earning the highest and lowest was different.

The lowest paid were in the south-west of England at an average of 28,989 with the highest in Scotland (38,618) and the north of England (39,375).

For those paid an hourly rate, agriculture workers were again best off in Scotland and Yorkshire at 9.73/hour. The lowest hourly rate was in the north-west of England at 8.02.

The statistics also show a link between higher earnings and sector type. On farms where crops were grown, respondents recorded a higher average wage.

All crops businesses paid more than the average earning and this compared starkly with incomes for those whose main business was livestock-based, which all fell below the average.

Pay rises

While most (69%) have received a pay rise in the past 12 months, 7% of farming workers have not had an increase for more than five years.

Results for pay reviews showed the farming workers fared less well than their counterparts in the allied industries. More than half (58%) of farming workers received a salary increase of about 1.5%.

This is in line with the UK national average workers increase across all industries (1.4%). In contrast, related businesses paid more than three-quarters of their staff a rise which on average was double the national rate at 2.8%.

Almost two-thirds (60%) of employees in the related businesses received a bonus of an average 2,884. Workers in animal nutrition received the highest financial boost to their pay packets at an average across their sector of about 4,338.

Hours and holiday

At 43.9 hours, the working week of the agricultural-related business is about the same as the national average of 43.6 hours. But for farm-based workers the week is 20% longer at 52.1 hours. At busy times of year one in five workers on farms are putting in more than 100-hour weeks.

Both the related businesses and farming workers failed to take the legal national entitlement of 28 days averaging 19.9 days and 14.6 days respectively. More than 15% of farmworkers took no holiday at all.

Qualifications and training

Half of all farmworkers (46%) and close to one-third (30%) of those in the related businesses received no official training in the past year.

There was a marked difference in the type of qualifications held by respondents. Farmworkers tended to have more practical qualifications that fitted their occupation, such as national diplomas (25%), while workers in the allied industries had generally reached degree level and above (51%).







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